Nage-waza (Throwing techniques)
Te-waza (Hand Techniques)
Seoi-nage (Shoulder Throw)
The most popular technique in judo. There are two types: seoi-nage (the shoulder throw) and ippon-seoi-nage (the one-armed shoulder throw). The shoulder throw involves a competitor turning and lifting their opponent on their back while keeping both hands on the opponent’s judogi and throwing the opponent over their shoulder. In the one-armed shoulder throw, a competitor throws their opponent over their shoulder with their hands on one of the opponent's arms. If a competitor drops one or both knees onto the mat before throwing their opponent, the technique is called seoi-otoshi (the dropping shoulder throw).
Ashi-waza (Foot Techniques)
O-soto-gari (Large Outer Reap)
This is one way of a competitor throwing their opponent using their legs. A competitor pushes their opponent off balance backwards and sweeps the leg supporting the opponent's body weight out with their dominant leg. It's a dynamic technique when executed. There are many variations similar to the large outer reap, including o-soto-otoshi (the large outer drop), o-soto-makikomi (the large outside wrap-around throw), and o-soto-guruma (the large outer wheel).
Uchi-mata (Inner Thigh Reaping Throw)
Classified as a foot technique among the throw techniques, in this throw, a competitor pulls their opponent toward them, slides their dominant leg between the opponent’s legs, and kicks one of them up from inside while turning the body. The competitor plants their dominant leg firmly on the mat, then lifts the opponent's inner thigh area with their dominant leg.
Ma-sutemi-waza (Sacrifice Techniques)
Tomoe-nage (Circular Throw)
This is one of the sacrifice techniques among the throw techniques. Sacrifice techniques involve deliberately taking a dive to pull the opponent down. In tomoe-nage, a competitor falls on their back, places their foot on the opponent’s stomach, and throws the opponent over their head.
Koshi-waza (Hip Techniques)
Harai-goshi (Hip Sweep)
This is one of the hip techniques among the throw techniques. In this throw, a competitor puts their opponent off balance by pushing the opponent forward and to the side, and pulls the opponent towards them, drawing the opponent onto their hip and sweeping the opponent’s legs away with one of their legs. If a competitor holds the opponent's arm at their side when sweeping, it becomes harai-makikomi (the hip sweep wrap-around throw), in which the competitor throws the opponent while wrapped around the body.
Katame-waza (Grappling techniques)
Osaekomi-waza (Hold-down Techniques)
Yoko-shiho-gatame (Side-locking Four Corner Hold)
This form is the hold-down technique that wins most often among the gripping techniques. This typical pinning technique involves holding down the opponent on their back by wrapping one arm around the opponent’s shoulder and the other between the opponent’s legs. By the competitor pinning their chest against the opponent's, the opponent is hemmed in from four directions.
Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame (Cross Lock)
This is the most frequently used joint lock of the grappling techniques. A competitor sits beside their opponent while their opponent is lying on their back and hold one of the opponent’s arms with both hands, pinning the opponent’s upper arm down with their thighs, and bending the opponent’s elbow in the reverse direction. If a competitor endures being held like this, it could result in a broken arm or damaged ligaments, so this technique forces competitors to submit. Other pinning techniques involve the use of the competitor’s legs as well as thier neck and shoulders in holding the opponent's arm.