(1) Manzairaku
Manzairaku is the name given to a particular piece in the repertoire of bugaku performances. It is performed on particularly auspicious occasions, such as emperor's enthronement ceremony. The right sleeves of the outer garments of the four performers have been tucked around their waists, exposing their undergarments.
(Photo : Copyright Shinji Aoki)

(2) "Ranryo O"
Here the character "Ranryo O" is engaged in a vigorous solo dance.
(Photo : Copyright Shinji Aoki)

(3) Mask of Suiko O
Height 37.7 cm
(Shosoin, Nara Prefecture)

This mask is used in gigaku performances. Made of paulownia wood, the face is painted red, except for the black eyebrows. Originally, hair was attached by lacquer to the bottom part of the face above the mouth to represent beard and moustache. It wears a high cap which was decorated with floral patterns in green, cinnabar, and gold. The Chinese characters for "Suiko O" literally mean "drunken king of ko (Chinese : hu) ethnicity."

(4) Genre Scenes of the Twelve Months
Muromachi period, 16th century
Eight-fold screen, color on paper
Height 61.1-61.8 cm; Width 39.9-42.2 cm (panels)
(Tokyo National Museum)
The eight panels depict various ceremonies and activities proper to different months of the year. This illustration shows the scene depicted on the fourth of the eight panels. Farmers can be seen working in rice paddies, and in the upper right of the scene we see a group performing field music (dengaku).